Croatia Travel Guide - Travel Guy Live
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An overview of Croatia

This article will provide an overview of Croatia’s geography, natural resources, and economy. You’ll also learn about its population and natural resources. After reading the article, you’ll be better equipped to answer your own questions about this country. In addition to natural resources, Croatia is rich in tourism and natural resources. Here are the most important aspects of Croatia:


Croatia’s Natural Resources

As of 1 January 2004, Croatia had proven oil reserves of about 75 million barrels. Production was around 22,000 barrels per day in 2002, which was significantly less than the consumption rate. In 2002, Croatia exported 81,000 barrels per day of oil to other countries, but it still needed to import another 69,000 barrels to meet its needs. The outlook for Croatia’s natural resources is very uncertain at the moment, however. The economic status of the country will also depend on its political and social stability.


The country has an exceptionally diverse landscape. There are subtropical plants and ferns growing near the Adriatic coast. A number of animals live here, including deer, brown bears, foxes, rabbits, and wild boars. As a result, Croatia has over 4,200 different species of plants. The country is also one of the few European countries to have an UN-facilitated free trade agreement with the United States.


The country’s growth has been strongly correlated with its privatization process. By the end of 1995, two-thirds of the country’s companies had switched their ownership from state-owned entities to private entities. Two-thirds of these companies had Croatian Pension Funds as majority owners, while the rest were minority-owned by Croatian Privatization Funds. Croatian Pension Funds are legally obliged to sell their portfolio shares through the Zagreb Stock Exchange. The reformist government aims to accelerate Croatia’s EU membership process.

Map of Croatia

Map of Croatia

Croatia’s Economy

Located at the crossroads of Southeast and Central Europe, Croatia has been a leading exporter of high-quality goods and services for over 100 years. It also shares a coastline with Italy and Slovenia along the Adriatic Sea. In a recent report, the World Bank assessed Croatia’s economy at $16 billion, making it Europe’s largest exporter of goods. In addition, tourism generates more than half the country’s GDP.

Importance of Tourism in GDP

While Croatia’s economy has stabilized in recent years, it remains plagued by structural problems and a deteriorating business environment. The late President Franjo Tudjman regularly bailed out failing companies. Market reforms in Croatia will require restructuring of industries, including shipbuilding, tourism, and shipbuilding. After the war, Croatian expatriates increased their investment in the country and helped create an ailing tourism industry.


Despite the recent recession, Croatia’s economy continues to depend on exports, including tourism. This sector helped the country grow faster and provided an income buffer during the last recession. But with the expected downturn in tourism, Croatia’s economy faces significant challenges. With high debt and external imbalances, continued access to foreign credit could be severely limited in 2009.

War Effect on GDP

The 1990s war devastated Croatia’s economy, and its output fell to low levels. The country was missing out on the initial wave of investment that swept Central and Eastern Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall, but its economy gradually began to improve in the 2000s. During that time, Croatia’s GDP grew at a moderate rate, and the kuna’s value remained stable. A strong international reputation has also helped the economy.

Croatia’s Population

The Croatian population is comprised of approximately 4.8 million people. The country is located on the Adriatic Sea, at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe. Its coastline is shared with neighboring Slovenia, Italy, and Greece. The country has a high standard of living, and many citizens are proud of their heritage. However, the country’s large population makes it difficult to meet basic needs. For this reason, it is very important to know the country’s demographics before planning a trip.


The service sector accounts for over 70 percent of Croatia’s GDP. It is also known as a safe and beautiful tourist destination. While the country is known for its low crime rate, the war affected the tourism industry significantly. Although tourism revenue has not regained its pre-war levels, it has increased in recent years as stability has returned to the region. In 2000, tourism earnings reached US$3.5 billion. And while there are still concerns regarding crime, the economy is stable and the country is an attractive destination.


Throughout the 20th century, the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts published valuable demographic considerations. Since the 1960s, these studies have highlighted unfavorable demographic trends. In 2011, the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts published a statement on the impact of demographic constraints on human resource development. The report highlights the need to understand the impacts of demographic changes on the country’s population. The Croatian population reached 4.1 million people in June 2019.

Croatia’s Geography

The Dinaric Alps are a mountain range in eastern Croatia. These are the fifth highest mountains in Europe and were formed around 50 to 100 million years ago during Alpine earth movements. One of the most prominent peaks is the Dinara, the highest peak within Croatia’s borders. The Dinaric Alps are very rocky, and water is the main corrosive force on the limestone. Water is the main cause of erosion, as it dissolves limestone due to its natural acidity.


Geographically, Croatia comprises 56,500 square kilometers of land and sea area. Its Adriatic coastline consists of 1,185 islands, including 66 inhabited ones. The length of the coastline is 5,740 kilometers.

National Parks

The Adriatic coastline is renowned for its crystal-clear waters. At the top of the country is the Dinaric Alps, which stretch north-south across the country. The mountains are densely forested and provide a spectacular backdrop for hiking and mountain biking.


Whether you are looking for some fresh air, or a stunning view of the Adriatic Sea, Croatia’s landscapes will leave you amazed. The country has eight national parks, totaling almost one thousand square kilometers. Almost a quarter of the country’s land is scattered with islands in the Adriatic Sea. In addition, there are 10 nature reserves and two strict reserves. Each of these is governed by individual national park authorities.

Croatia’s Culture

Despite its relatively recent existence as a nation-state, Croatia’s culture is still heavily influenced by its historical past. The country was once part of Yugoslavia and is currently seeking independence from the other Eastern European states. The country is home to many traditions and festivals, and the people take great pride in their culture. Despite its recent independence, Croatians still feel intense loyalty to their nation, region, and families.

Cultural Norms and Practices

There are a number of cultural norms and practices that visitors should observe when visiting the country. First, don’t use first names in Croatia unless you have their permission. It can be offensive to greet someone with a name you don’t know. Also, it is customary to greet everyone at a business meeting. While this can be confusing to visitors, Croatian culture is not an isolated island. Regardless of age, Croatians value family and relationships.


One of the most important cultural periods of Croatia’s history is the Illyrian movement. This period saw many new developments in the arts and gave birth to a number of historical figures. Croatia is also home to the Hvals’ Zbornik, one of the most beautiful illuminated liturgical books in the world. The Hrvoje Vukcic Hrvatinic Missal is now in Istanbul. Other notable Croatian artists include Federico Benkovic and Francesco Robba.

Croatia’s Food

The most authentic way to taste Croatian cuisine is in its small towns and villages. Locals are very welcoming and will make you feel right at home. Black risotto is a typical Croatian dish, and it gets its color from cuttlefish ink. Squid and mussels are also common ingredients. If you’re planning a Croatian vacation, don’t miss out on the best-grilled fish you’ve ever tasted.


Seafood is an integral part of the typical Croatian diet, especially along the Adriatic coast. Some of the most traditional seafood dishes include Bakalar (salt cod), octopus salad, sea bass risotto, and mixed seafood stew. Even if you don’t know what you’re looking for, you can always order a sample of what’s on offer. It’s worth trying something new to discover what you like.


Food in Croatia isn’t cheap. The average household in Croatia spends 13 percent of their monthly wage on food, making it the second most expensive in Europe. In contrast, EU households spend only 7% of their monthly wages on food. This means that Croatia’s poorer people are eating less food than the rich. As a result, food prices in the country are high, and the average monthly wage is lower than in the rest of the European Union.


In addition to seafood, Croatian cuisine also features meat dishes. Pork is an important part of Croatian cuisine, with dishes such as pork, veal, and pork often served in thin slices with cream or cheese. In addition, pork is popular in Croatia, and many people enjoy the ham cooked in sauerkraut. Sauerkraut is traditionally made with natural ingredients and is best eaten with blood pudding. The people of Croatia also enjoy soups and casseroles with plenty of vegetables. While they may not be famous for their seafood dishes, they do enjoy cooking meats in cast-iron dishes.

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